The world-famous and beautiful blue and white porcelain sprouted in the prosperous Tang Dynasty, accumulated in the Song Dynasty, developed in the Yuan Dynasty and peaked in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the Qing Dynasty, Kang, Yong and Qian were the last resplendence of blue and white porcelain before its decline. Therefore, there is a popular saying in the collection field that porcelain should play the Qing Dynasty for three generations.
In the history of China's ceramic development, blue and white porcelain is recognized as a wonderful work of porcelain art after celadon, black porcelain, blue and white porcelain and color porcelain. Since ancient times, it has been loved by royal nobles and dignitaries.
The Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty was a period of great success in porcelain making. It can be said that it is the golden age of the porcelain industry in the feudal society. In the Qianlong period, both the shape and the color should be exhausted. The porcelain production has made unprecedented prosperity, and the blue and white porcelain has reached the peak. The book "ancient bronze ware research" praised the porcelain industry at that time as "since there has been pottery, there has not been today's beauty preparation". At this time, Jingdezhen imperial kiln has a large scale. Under the supervision of the supervisor, hundreds of thousands of different kinds of porcelain are made every year, and the porcelain produced has reached the stage of perfect workmanship and decoration art. Xu Zhiheng in the Qing Dynasty described the porcelain at that time as "to Qianlong, exquisite, and almost magical."
Qianlong blue and white was made of the best Zhejiang materials, showing the characteristics of "stable, thick and calm". Qianlong has a wide range of motifs, mainly plants and flowers, rich and dense, meticulous and delicate. Each artifact is decorated with multi-layer patterns, and some even have dozens of layers. And whether it is freehand or deformed, the painting is neat and delicate, with clear patterns and orderly arrangement, with the effect of pattern painting. It is often decorated with auspicious patterns. It is good at using the homophony of various animals, plants and objects to draw patterns symbolizing auspiciousness or blessing. It can be said that the plan must be intentional and the meaning must be auspicious.
This blue and white vase is decorated with blue and white patterns. The picture is vivid, lifelike and wonderful. The bottom blue and white book is the seal script made in Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. This instrument is beautiful in shape, smooth in line, harmonious in proportion in all parts, and with proper changes in straightness and straightness. During the Qianlong period, because of the new technology of blue and white materials, the quality of blue and white hair color was rapidly improved from traditional water selection to fire calcination, which made Zhejiang materials appear green and blue, with gray in the blue, and most of them are faint and scattered, and the color is quite quiet. The glaze is applied meticulously in the vessel. It is as green as jade, which is precious.
Throughout the legendary history of blue and white porcelain, from the Yuan Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, the firing of blue and white porcelain not only carried the civilization of different regions, but also confirmed the rise and fall of many dynasties. When people stare at a rare treasure, through the glossy glaze, what they appreciate is not only the elegant blue, but also the fascinating and confusing story behind the blue and white porcelain.
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